Press & Citations


04/08/16 –

Cirquids are the saltwater circuit boards of the future

Clasen points out that there are multiple practical benefits to Cirquids, including the low cost and barrier of entry, especially compared with custom etching on a copper board. Even more interesting is the ability to create three-dimensional circuit boards in different shapes, which is difficult to do with traditional electronics, or allowing for triggering of circuits by squeezing together the wetted paper.

For now, the Cirquids remain an interesting research paper, but the simple, elegant, and cheap nature of the circuitry makes it likely that further research could result in more widespread use of them in the future. …. [Read More]



04/08/16 – Designboom

 cirquids low-tech circuit boards developed by dorothee clasen

initiated as a bachelor’s thesis at KISD, designer dorothee clasen’s ‘cirquids’ explores a novel, low-tech method for creating printed circuit boards. instead of utilizing silver or copper-based components, as is industry standard, clasen instead uses nothing more than wax, salt, and water. the results are temporary, lasting only as long as moisture resides, but nevertheless has some curious potential.

‘cirquids’ is represented by a diverse collection of paper devices, built by clasen, with attached electronics. possibilities include turning paper into three-dimensional objects that react to touch, or for a squeezable section to act as current regulator. due to ease of creation, ‘cirquids’ is a viable approach for designers to confront and explore low-tech PCBs

.  …. [Read More]


23/07/16 –

Cirquids – Turning Paper Into Fluid Circuits by Dorothee Clasen

“Electrifying” paper in the sense of adapting paper so that it can conduct electricity isn’t a new idea, isn’t, as it were, an electrifying concept. The interesting aspect of Dorothee Clasen’s project Cirquids is however less that she has transformed the otherwise passive fibres of paper into an actively conducting material and much more how that has been achieved, namely through a mix of wax, salt and water, and thus Dorothee has developed a low cost, low-tech, local method to allow paper to conduct electricity. Now many will query the sense of electrified paper products, some will even no doubt attempt to create such…. but, again, that’s not really the point, not really the electrifying on the project. The interesting, the electrifying, aspect is that by allowing for low cost, low-tech local electrification of paper objects, the process allows for the simple, inexpensive electrification of paper models, thus making it a potentially very useful tool and process in modelling, prototyping and product development…. [Read More]


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